Amazing Fact About Rats
Do you know that Rats' front teeth
(incisors) grow 5 inches per year? Their teeth grow continuously throughout their life.
Therefore, naturally if they don't gnaw on things, their teeth will grow longer than their
bodies. This makes them most destructive structural pest.
It is an established fact that rats can cause great destruction with their powerful teeth and jaws
-- jaws so powerful that they can bite through lead!
RATS BIOLOGY AND HABITS
Rats are some of the most troublesome and damaging rodents in India. They consume and
contaminate food, damage structures and property, and transmit parasites and diseases to
other animals and humans. Rats habitat and thrive under different climatic conditions. They
are often found in and around homes and other buildings, farms, gardens, etc.
Their nests are built from soft material like paper or grass chewed into small pieces. Rats will
climb if necessary to enter a building. Some species of rats are excellent swimmer. The
common species of rats found in India are Mus musculus (house mouse), Rattus rattus (roof
rat), Mus musculatus (mice) and bandicoots (Big Rats).
Rats of either species, especially young once, can squeeze beneath a door with only a 2 cm
gap. If the door is made of wood, the rat may gnaw to enlarge the gap.
Scope of Work
Once the rat menace is identified and the entry point of rats into the building are established,
the best suited methodology is adopted with minimal disruption.
Premises where the rat menace is frequent, a sort of Annual Maintenance Contract is entered
into with the client. Frequent inspections and services are carried out to prevent their
population from growing and check the harborages places. All this follow up and monitoring
is possible through frequent visits to the site and hence a Maintenance contract is a must.
A. Trapping: Non Chemical Control
The best options available today are the Rat Glue boards which can be used indoors to
capture mice and Rats. We as a professional Pest management Company have services and
products to help citizens solve this problem for a better environment.
There are several advantages for using rat glue traps:
Safer than potential hazardous poison baits.
Quick, immediate results and it allows the user to confirm if the rat was killed.
Easy disposal of dead rodents avoiding odor problems that will occur if rodenticides
kill rodents in inaccessible areas.
However, trapping is useless if the procedures to prevent reinfestation are not followed.
Moreover there may be a need to have as many as 2-3 dozen rat glue traps set in place in a
commercial establishment like factories, warehouses, , production halls etc. By applying
these traps with baits like peanut butter or other alluring eatables large population of rats start
feeding on it and can be eliminated after trapping.
B. Baiting : Chemical Control
Another popular method is use of Baits to allure them, which is responsible for slow death of
Poison Baits (Rodenticides). Rodenticides are poisons that kill rodents. Depending upon their
chemical property and mode of action Rodenticides can be classified into two groups.
Single dose Anti coagulants (Fast action Baiting)
Multi dose Anti coagulants (Slow action Baiting)
RAT CONTROL IN OPEN AREAS
In the open area, the foremost requirement is to identify the rat and rodents' live burrows (rat
hole). Proper identification of live burrows in open, makes half of the job done... Rats and
rodents burrow fumigation is a bit tricky job. Sometimes one rat burrow may consist of
multiple openings. Therefore it is utmost important to identify the rodent burrows with
multiple openings and plug all openings except one from where burrow fumigation has to be
Thereafter, Burrow fumigation is performed using Fumigants like Aluminum Phosphide.
Immediately after applying fumigant the burrow opening is closed thoroughly. The basic
principle is that the burrow should retain the gas for sufficient time to be lethal enough to kill
all the rats and rodents present inside. Burrow fumigation is the most popular method of rat
and rodent control in open areas.
Second method of controlling rats in open areas is known as "baiting". It implies that the rat